Are you passionate about solving critical problems related to mathematics and physics? Does the idea of making a career that would enable you to approach and solve critical practical problems by applying your cherished theories of maths and physics, seem quite interesting to you? If that is the case and if deep down your heart you harbour that grand desire to be a part of technocracy, then your instincts surely are those of an engineer!
Engineering is one of the most popular areas of education that youngsters like you opt for, after completion of their 10+2 with a science background, as a degree in engineering forms the stepping stone for a wide range of career opportunities in corporate, government as well as private sectors that fetch lump-sum pay scales. In simplest terms, engineering as a discipline refers to the application of scientific theories and principles to find economical solutions to technical problems. Therefore, engineers form a link between technology and commercial application of the same. The discipline of engineering equips you with the expertise needed to act as this link.
However, the expertise of an engineer depends on the branch of engineering he specializes in. Today there are over 25 streams of engineering, which offers a vast range of options to you. You may get yourself enrolled with any of the courses depending upon your inclination and merit.
Following are the core areas of engineering:
AERONAUTICAL/ AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Dealing with the development of technology in the field of aviation, space exploration and defence systems, Aeronautical Engineering forms one of the most challenging and complex branches of engineering. Aeronautical engineers usually work in teams under the supervision of senior engineers, bringing together their skills and technical expertise to design and develop, test, operate and maintain of both commercial and military aircrafts, spacecrafts and their components as well as satellites and missiles.
As an Aeronautical engineer you can specialize in Computational Fluid Dynamics, Astrodynamics, Aerodynamics and Structural Engineering. You must have a good eye-sight, good observation power, an analytical bent of mind, good communication skill and coolness in the face of crisis in order to become a successful aeronautical engineer. Besides that an over all healthy body always preferred for the job.
As an Aeronautical Engineer, you may contribute to the field of advanced technologies in terms of design and test in the field of defense and space science. In India aeronautical engineers get employment opportunities not only in civil aviation sector, but also with ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) and the Defense Ministry. You can also expect excellent jobs with the Civil Aviation Department, National Aeronautical Laboratory, Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDL) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
There is no dearth of opportunities for aeronautical engineers in countries like United States of America, France, UK and Germany. Thus a majority of aeronautical engineers from India as well as from around the globe make headway towards the West. A good percentage of Indians constitute the work force of engineers and technical professionals in NASA.
COMPUTER SCIENCE and IT ENGINEERING
The omnipresence of computers in every sphere of activity, right from simple calculations on excel sheets to magnanimous space technology, has made computer science engineering one of the most sought after streams of engineering! The rapid growth of Information Technology has accounted for the computer industry to become one of the fastest growing segments of our economy. As a result, there exists a huge demand for Computer science and IT engineering professionals for the development of faster hardware components, new communication systems and software. The discipline of computer science engineering ties up the elements of both electrical engineering and computer science, thereby combining the principle and techniques of these two branches for making and developing computers and computer-based systems.
Those who deal with the physical parts of the computer are termed as hardware engineers while those dealing with the computer programs are called software engineers. The ability to create and invent things, a good knowledge of technology and computer hardware and software are absolutely required of you, if you want to pursue Computer Science engineering.
With Information Technnology touching every sphere of our lives, the job prospects for computer and IT engineers are burgeoning both in India and abroad. If you are a computer science engineer with a good percentage of marks and communication skill, you can always expect employment at reputed companies. Diploma holder in computer engineering can start their own business enterprise with very little investment. A person with good academic record in computer engineering with at least 5 years of experience in teaching at graduate level or industrial experience in a reputed firm can be employed as a lecturer at engineering colleges and institutes. Qualified candidates can also find employment as a Software engineer in software companies in India and abroad.
European manufacturing industries provide excellent career scopes for computer graduates in areas like cabling, satellite television, cellular telephones, microprocessor system design and software engineering. In Australia and overseas they might be employed in design, manufacturing, robotics and software development sectors too.
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
Have you ever thought how life would have been had there been no television, no radio, no fans, no air conditioners, no microwaves, no refrigerators, no mobile phones, no gadgets? Life would have been so miserable, isn’t it? Well, thanks to Electronics. Our lives are pretty easy and entertaining! Electronics engineering covers those wide range of applications which make our life easier and enjoyable everyday. The health care industry too depend on electronic instruments to perform chemical tests and to check body functions. Even the safety in transportation, factories and mines and in homes rely heavily on electronics. The uses are endless. The very fact that our lives are crippled without these necessities and luxuries, makes the stream of electronics an important branch of engineering that would never run out of demand. An electronics engineer works in team with other specialists to design, fabricate, produce, test and supervise the manufacture of complex electronic equipments and their components. Therefore, as an Electronics engineer, your job entails new solutions to the practical problems affecting our daily lives.
An electronics engineer can get a job in Central Government, State Governments and their sponsored corporations in public enterprises and the private organizations like All India Radio, Indian Telephone Industries, MTNL, National Physical Laboratories, Civil Aviation Department; Post and Telegraph Department; Co-ordination Department, National Physical Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Development Centers in various States etc. Dealing in manufacture, sales and services of electronics consumer goods and appliances. Electronics engineers are also absorbed into the entertainment transmission industry, research establishments, and defense. They can also take up teaching and research in one of the many engineering colleges in India or abroad.
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING An agricultural engineer is a combination of engineering and agricultural skills with engineering features predominating. Agricultural engineers basically apply engineering principles to agriculture in order to improve the agricultural patterns, practices and productions. Their job requires them to design new equipments and machines for betterment of agriculture. Once designed, the agricultural engineers co-ordinate the designs with the electronic and electrical engineers in order to ensure the designs’ perfection and effectiveness.
Agricultural engineers are required on various projects related to drainage, soil erosion control, irrigation and so on. There are numerous employment opportunities enjoyed by them, at Food Corporation, National Seeds Corporation, tea-gardens, nationalized banks and various agro-industries.
Chemical Engineering is the apt career for those who have an aptitude and interest to work with chemicals. Chemical engineers collate the principles of chemistry and engineering and apply these to solve the problems in production of chemical products. The discipline of chemical engineering is concerned with the designing, construction, installation and operation of chemical plants and the equipments needed to manufacture chemical products. This is a vast branch of engineering, which brings the application of physics, chemistry, mathematics and various other spheres of engineering in its fold.
Since Chemical engineering is a vast field, as a chemical engineer, you would can be sure of getting varied careeroptions ahead of you. Numerous employment opportunities await chemical engineers both in the public sector as well as the private sector. Chemical engineers play a key role in the manufacturing industry. Their work area varies from petroleum and petrochemicals to food, materials, specialty chemicals, plastics, power production, environmental control, waste management and biotechnology. However, among the manufacturing industries, pharmaceuticals provide the best opportunities for chemical engineers. As a chemical engineer you may also seek for opportunities in area such as processing, operations, research and development, design and construction, finance and teaching.
The broadest of all Engineering disciplines dealing with design and production of tools, machines and all other mechanical equipment to be used in industries, the discipline of mechanical engineering, offers a wide choice of options that cut across many interdisciplinary specialties. The work of a Mechanical Engineer is extremely challenging and fulfilling, requiring IT, design and analytical skills together with an ability to work as a team. A mechanical engineer shares interests with many other engineers like Civil Engineers in structures and stress analysis; Electrical engineers in electronics, computing and control theory; Aeronautical Engineers in fluid flow and turbo-machinery etc and also designs tools needed by other engineers for their work. This makes the job of a mechanical engineer the basis of all the other engineerings.
With the rapid expansion in the industrial sector, the employment potential for mechanical engineers has received a steady boost. Mechanical Engineering finds applications in all fields of technology. So if you are a mechanical engineer, you can expect could good opportunities in both private and public sector industries of various types, and your work would vary according to the industry and function. In the government sector, freshers could join as Junior Engineers and gradually get promoted to the posts of Assistant Engineers, Assistant Executive Engineers, Executive Engineers, Superintendent Engineers and so on.
If your keen interest to pursue engineering is coupled with a desire to lead an exciting life of a sailor, then you are just meant to be a marine engineer! Marine engineering, as a discipline deals with naval architecture and science. In simpler terms, marine engineers are trained in designing and constructing ships and also maintaining their proper functioning. As a marine engineer, you may have to work at off-shore projects as well as in under water energy explorations.
Marine engineers find employment in both public and private shipping companies. They are highly in demand in navy, engine production firms, ship building and designing firms, research bodies. Marine Engineers can also take up employment in different foreign and Indian shipping companies and with the port and harbour departments.
Can you imagine life without electricity? Of course not! And here in lies the need for an electrical engineer, who is adept at feasible application of electricity. This stream of engineering deals with generation and distribution of electrical power control and instrumentation applications. Besides, working with equipments that produce and distribute electricity such as generators, transmission lines, transformers etc, electrical engineers also design electric motors and machinery needed in automobiles, aeroplanes and all kinds of motorized vehicles and systems.
If you are an electrical engineer you shall find jobs with organizations dealing with generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electrical energy. You may also expect employment with the industry that design and manufacture electrical equipments and machinery.
Civil Engineering, the oldest of all the branches of engineering, is perhaps as old as the history of human civilization itself! Dealing with planning, designing and execution of structural works such as buildings, bridges, dams, sewage, the stream of civil engineering is considered one of the core areas of the discipline of engineering, which would never go out of vogue as long as human civilization sustains. A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintaining the product. Not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills are required of you, if you wish to succeed in this field. As a civil engineer you can always expect a multitude of challenges ahead of you, which makes the career all the more exciting. The major specialisations within civil engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, geo-technical engineering etc.
Civil Engineers find job in Government sectors, as well as in private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase as fast as the average for all jobs, although the construction industry is vulnerable to fluctuations in the economy. As a civil engineering graduate, you may also go in for research and take up teaching or may also go for your own independent consultancy services. Experts opine that there is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries.
As the name suggest, Automobile Engineering deals with the design, manufacture, development and repair of automobiles. This branch of engineering, though not one of the traditional branches, is definitely an upcoming career option for you, which is expected to grow with leaps and bounds with the growing expansion of the automobile industry and the demand for vehicles.
Automobile Engineers get employment opportunities in automobile manufacturing industry, the defence services, private transport companies as well as state transport undertakings.
The revolutionary technology in recent times, has made communication as easy as a matter of a click on your PC. Geographical barriers are no barriers of communication today. Thanks to telecommunication engineering! It is that branch of engineering which equips you to develop effective communication systems with the help of technology. Telecommunication engineers establish communication by means of telephones, radars, radio signals, television, communication satellites, navigational communications and more. All sorts of informational and transmission networks fall under the purview of a telecommunication engineer’s concern.
As a telecommunication engineer you may find job opportunities at the ministry of communication, All India Radio, Doordarshan and even at the information and broadcasting sectors. Besides, you can also find employment in railways, police wireless organizations and other defence sectors.
If your techie-traits seem to be a little inclined to life-science, then bio-medical engineering is just the right thing for you. The branch of bio-medical engineering deals with the application of engineering principles to life-science, for creating artificial human organs, for developing laser technology in surgical practices. Bio-medical engineers are generally scientists with very high proficiency, doing researches on biological aspects of human and animal life and applying engineering principles to these. The specializations available in this field are bioinstrumentation, biomechanics, biomaterials, systems physiology and rehabilitation engineering.
Since bio-medical engineers are scientists, they work mostly in laboratories, inventing new technologies compatible with the biological aspects of human and animal life. Besides, those having a passion for teaching, may get into teaching profession as well.
Ceramic engineering deals with application of in-organic and non-metallic materials to industrial use. Ceramic engineers do research, design machinery and devise processing methods for developing new ceramic materials and products.
Ceramic engineers find employment in glass, cement, electronics, ceramics, electrical industries. Besides that, teaching is also a good option for those having a passion for teaching.
The branch of environmental engineering is concerned with the protection and improvement of the quality of the human environment. This sphere encompasses a vast range of activities, right from preserving the resources at the heart of the ocean to searching for ways to control ozone layer depletion. In the face of threats like global warming, conservation of environment is on the global priority list and this has increased the demand for environmental engineers more than ever before.
Environmental engineers are hired by the government and also the industrial sectors to monitor and suggest suitable methods for pollution control and evaluate and anticipate the possible impacts of the proposed industrial project on the environment. Environmental engineers also might take up the job of waste management at industries.
Energy engineering deals with the use, production, distribution, conversion and conservation of energy in the most eco-friendly way. Quite like environmental engineering, this branch too is a wide ranged discipline covering appreciation of nature, identifying and using renewable energy sources and applying appropriate technology to put these energies to best and maximum use.
Energy engineers are engaged in industries and organizations concerned with design and manufacture of economic and optimal exploitation of energy technology, energy planning and energy management. They can also go for research works.
INDUSTRIAL/ PRODUCTION ENGINEERING
This branch of engineering aims at achieving higher productivity at manufacturing industries by deploying integrated designing and efficient planning of operating systems and machines. The job of an industrial engineer includes everything from choosing machinery and equipment, preparing industrial layout to controlling product quality. He is the link between management and the operations.
Since industrial engineering is quite multidimensional, an industrial engineer can work in various kinds of engineering and manufacturing industries in both private and public sectors.
Unlike ceramic engineering, metallurgical engineering is concerned with developing new metal alloys which can be applied to various practical uses. Metallurgical engineers work in any of the following three branches – extraction, mechanical or process metallurgy.
Metallurgical engineers find employment in industries and plants that extract and process metals, and also in research laboratories. Opening are also available for them in steel plants.
Mining Engineers are trained in locating reserves of natural resources such as coal, minerals, petroleum etc, and chalking out plans for the extraction of the resources from beneath the earth, taking into account the safety of the adjoining area as well as that of the workers.
For mining engineers, there are ample opportunities at the Indian Bureau of Mines, Geological Survey of India and in mining companies such as Coal India Limited, HCL etc.
As the name suggests, nuclear engineering is the exclusive area of nuclear technology and radiation. Nuclear engineers devise and develop, monitor and operate nuclear power plants for electricity generation, and also work on nuclear fuel cycle and ensure safe nuclear waste disposal.
The job of nuclear engineers is primarily research-oriented. However, they also get good job opportunities in nuclear plants, nuclear power equipment manufacturers as well as in defence sector.
Instrumentation engineering is concerned with the design, construction and maintenance of instruments required in any manufacturing industry. An instrumentation engineer is also responsible for ensuring the quality and efficiency of the end product.
Instrumentation engineers are recruited by large scale manufacturing industries, in both private and public sectors, such as thermal power stations, steel plants, refineries, cement and fertilizer plants etc.
This branch of engineering deals with production and fabrication of various kinds of textiles. Textile engineers look after the manufacture of textiles from the fibres and other raw materials, and also do researches to ensure its durability and utility.
Textile engineers find job opportunities in mainly in two textile production sectors, viz, the mechanized sector and the handloom sector. While most of the textile producing mills are mechanized today, invites a hoard of workers right from labours to engineers and entrepreneurs, the handloom sector still remains a relatively an unorganized sector.
A strong foundation in both mathematics and science, particularly chemistry and physics at 10+2 level is a must for you, if Engineering seems to be your cup of tea! The basic eligibility criteria for getting enrolled with a BE / B.Tech course is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Admission to these courses is highly competitive and high academic performance in the 10+2 board examination is expected of you. Besides, you also need to qualify an entrance exam. Entrance to the IIT’s is through and for other major institutions through AIEEE OR their own separate entrance exams and other state level and national level exams.
Indian Institute of Technology
Chennai-www.iitm.ac.in, Karagpur-www.iitkgp.ernet.in, Rourkela www.iitr.ac.in,Guwahati-www.iitg.ac.in
Delhi College Of Engineering, Delhi
University of Delhi, Bawana Road, New Delhi
Delhi, India, Phone-No: 91-11-27871018
Fax: 91-11-27871023, Email: email@example.com
Website: www.dce.ac.in Banaras Hindu University
PIET’s College of Engineering, Pune
Institute of Technology, BHU
Varanasi-221005, Tel:0542-2368427, Website:www.itbhu.ac.in
Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi
BIT Mesra, Ranchi-835215, Tel: 0651-2275896
Website: www.bitmesra.ac.in, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
C.V. Raman College of Engineering
Bidyanagar, Mahura, janla, Bhubaneswar- 752054
Phone: 0674-2460743 2460693,Fax: 0674-2460743,E-mail: email@example.com
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
Vellore – 632 014, Tamilnadu, India
Tel: 91-416-2243091 / 93, Fax: 91-416-2243092
Manipal Institute of Technology
Mysore Road Bangalore – 560 059, Karnataka, India
Tel: 91 820 2571978, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: 3 Veerasamy Street, West Mambalam, Chennai 600 033
Phone: +91-44-2474 2836/2474 7231/2489 2621/2489 3688
Fax: +91-44-2474 8925
PSG College of Technology
Post Box No. 1611, Peelamedu, Coimbatore – 641 004, Tamil Nadu
Phone: 422-2572177, 2572477, 2580455, 2578455, 4344777
Fax Number : 91-422-2573833
Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology
Near Indroda Circle, Gandhinagar 382 007, Gujarat (India)
Tel. : (+91) 079-3052-0000, Fax : (+91) 079-3052-0010
Email : email@example.com
Kalinga Institute Of Industrial Technology
Kiit University, Bhubaneswar – 751024, Orissa
Phone: + 91 674 2725113, 2725347, Fax: + 91 674 2725113
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: www.kiit.ac.in
Jadavpur University (JU)
50/1, Santoshpur, Garfa Main Road, Kolkata, 700075. West Bengal,
Phone No. : +91-33-2414 6666, Website: www.jadavpur.edu
R V College of Engineering
R V Vidyanikethan post, Mysore Road Bengalore-560059
Phone: 91-80-67178021, Fax: 91-80-2860-0337
Mody Institute of Technology & Science
Lakshmangarh – 332311, Dist – Sikar (Rajasthan)
Phone: 01573-225001-12(12 Lines), Fax: 01573-225041
E-mail: email@example.com, Website: www.mitsuniversity.ac.in