Indian Institutes of Technology or IIT’s as they are popularly known, are the Nation’s premier institutes for Engineering studies.
Each year several tens of thousands of students attempt to make the cut to claim these ‘Creme de la creme’ of Engineering seats. IIT’s Joint Entrance Examination-JEE, is one of the hardest Engineering entrance exams to crack but the rewards are sure worth your efforts.
Indian Institutes of Technology conduct IIT-JEE every year for the admission to its B-Tech and other courses offered at IIT Kharagpur, IIT Mumbai, IIT Chennai, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Roorkee, IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Patna, IIT Punjab, IIT Rajasthan and ISM (Dhanbad
Eligibility for IIT-JEE
Candidates must make sure that they satisfy all the eligibility conditions given below for appearing in IIT-JEE
Age : not more than 24 years
Year of Passing Qualifying Examination (QE)
The year of passing the QE will be determined based on the examination he/she passed the earliest out of the qualifying examinations listed below. In case the applicant passed more than one QE or attempted successfully same QE more than once, the year of the first successful QE/attempt will be used to determine the eligibility for IIT-JEE.
The qualifying examinations are listed below:
In case the relevant QE is not a public examination, the candidate must have passed at least one public (Board or Pre-University) examination at an earlier level.
Minimum Percentage of Marks in QE
Candidates belonging to GE and OBC categories must secure at least 60% marks in aggregate in QE. SC, ST and PD candidates must secure at least 55% marks in aggregate in QE.
The percentage of marks awarded by the Board will be treated as final. If the Board does not award the percentage of marks, it will be calculated based on the marks obtained in all subjects listed in the mark sheet. If any Board awards only letter grades without providing an equivalent percentage of marks on the grade sheet, the candidate should obtain a certificate from the Board specifying the equivalent marks, and submit it at the time of counselling / admission. In case such a certificate is not provided the decision taken by the Joint Implementation Committee (JIC) of IIT-JEE will be final.
Number of JEE Attempts
A candidate can attempt JEE maximum two times in consecutive years irrespective of whether or not he/she passed QE.
Earlier Admission Taken Through JEE
Candidates who have taken admission (irrespective of whether or not they continued in any of the programmes) or accepted the admission by paying the registration fee at any of the IITs, IT-BHU Varanasi or ISM Dhanbad, are NOT ELIGIBLE to appear in IIT-JEE
The offer of admission is subject to verification of original certificates/ documents at the time of admission. If any candidate is found ineligible at a later date even after admission to an Institute, his/her admission will be cancelled.
Start of On-line application process : November
Closing of On-line application process : December
Start of Off-line application sale : November
Close of Off-line application sale : December
Last date of receipt completed JEE application form : December
IIT Joint Entrance Examination : April
Declaration of Results : May
On-line filling of CHOICES open to ALL the qualified candidates : May June
Medical examination and counseling for qualified PD Candidates (the schedule will be announced on the IIT websites June
The examination will be held in April
There will be two question papers, each of three hours duration. Both the question papers will consist of three separate sections on Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The questions will be of objective type, designed to test comprehension, reasoning and analytical ability of candidates.
The answers for each of the questions are to be marked on a separate, specially designed, machine-gradable sheet of paper (ORS – Optical Response Sheet). While answering each of the questions the candidate is expected to darken the bubble(s) against correct answer(s) using black ball point pen only. In some sections, incorrect answers may be awarded negative marks.
Reservation of Seats
As per Government of India rules candidates belonging to certain categories are admitted to seats reserved for them based on relaxed criteria. Benefit of reservation shall be given only to those classes/castes/tribes which are in the respective central list published by the Government of India.
For the SC and ST categories, 15% and 7.5% seats, respectively, are reserved in every programme in all IITs, IT-BHU Varanasi and ISM Dhanbad. Candidates belonging to these categories are declared qualified on the basis of a relaxed criterion.
Candidates belonging to SC/ST categories will be required to produce the original caste/ tribe certificate issued by a competent authority in the prescribed format during admission. Certificates in any other format will not be accepted. Seats remaining vacant in these categories shall not be filled by candidates belonging to any other category.
For the purpose of reservation of seats in IIT-JEE a candidate will be considered as OBC only if he/she belongs to the non-creamy layer of this category. Those belonging to the creamy layer of OBC are NOT entitled for reservation.
For candidates belonging to OBC (non creamy layer), 27% of the seats are reserved in all IITs, IT-BHU Varanasi and ISM Dhanbad.
In case the reserved seats in this category are not filled, they can be filled by GE category candidates.
The OBC candidates (non-creamy layer) will be required to produce original OBC(NCL) caste certificate by a competent authority in the prescribed format at the time of admission. Certificates in any other format will not be accepted.
Physically Disabled (PD)
In each institute 3% of seats in every category are reserved for PD candidates. For any category of disability (viz., locomotor, visual, dyslexia, speech, and/or hearing) benefit would be given to those who have at least 40% physical impairment. Leprosy-cured candidates who are otherwise fit to pursue the course are also included in this category. Candidates belonging to this category are qualified on the basis of a relaxed criterion.
The percentage of disability of the candidates will be required to be certified by a medical board constituted by IITs. The decision of the medical board would be final.
In case the seats reserved for SC/ST/PD candidates are not filled, a limited number of candidates are admitted to a Preparatory Course of one-year duration on the basis of a further relaxation of admission criteria. Admission is given to the candidates in the preparatory course provided (i) the seats reserved for the respective category are vacant (ii) candidates satisfy minimum norms, and (iii) candidates have not undergone the Preparatory Course earlier.
General: Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young�s modulus by Searle�s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm�s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.
Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform Circular motion; Relative velocity.
Newton�s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.
Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.�
Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.
Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.
Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.
Hooke�s law, Young�s modulus.
Pressure in a fluid; Pascal�s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille�s equation excluded), Stoke�s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli�s theorem and its applications.
Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns;Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).
Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton�s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases);� Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff�s law; Wien�s displacement law, Stefan�s law.
Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb�s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss�s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor.
Electric current; Ohm�s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff�s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.
Biot�Savart�s law and Ampere�s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.
Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.
Electromagnetic induction: Faraday�s law, Lenz�s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with D.C. and A.C. sources.
Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.�
Wave nature of light: Huygen�s principle, interference limited to Young�s double-slit experiment.
Modern physics: Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive decay;� Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes.
Photoelectric effect; Bohr�s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley�s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.
IIT JEE Tips
The Indian Institute of Technology – Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), bears a significant fame, as it acts as the dream gate of entrance to the seventeen IIT’s in India. Cracking IIT-JEE is not that easy, as it approves quality inflow of students, based on merits. Hence, it sets the question paper with a high standard of quality to assure consistent quality results.
A survey result describes that out of 384, 977 candidates appeared for the IIT-JEE on April 12, 2009, only 10, 035 candidates were declared qualified for the admissions. At the same time, it is not that scary, as it appears to be! An energetic blend of hard work; confidence; quality preparation; clear planning and implementation of problem solving strategies, along with passion would fetch good results on one’s hands!
Some of the recommended books are listed here:
Coaching Centers for IIT-JEE Examination
courtesy : IIT-JEE website